Huang Ti

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Yellow emperor

At around 3,000 BCE, Shen Nung, later known as Huang Ti (the Yellow Emperor), drew up a list of hundreds of herbs and specified their useful and harmful properties. After his death he was given the title of "The Divine Husbandman" (he is also credited with the invention of the plough and construction of the first wheeled cart, with devising various systems of irrigation, and with extending the arts of husbandry) and was chosen to be one of the gods of the apothecaries of China. He is probably best known for his classic of Chinese internal medicine, the Nei Ching, which to this day is widely consulted by physicians. It was Shen Nung, however, later more popularly known as Huang Ti (The Yellow Emperor), the second emperor of China, who is said to have been the first to tabulate the useful and harmful properties of hundreds of herbs.